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Definition of Plusvalía

Plusvalía, which means surplus value, is a term composed of two words. Plus means something that is added, usually money, and valuation refers to the value of things. For this reason, surplus value is said to be the value added to a salary, a sale, a good, among others.

The surplus value is the ability of the worker to create an added value to the amount he receives monthly or biweekly for his work.


  1. ● Valuation
  2. ● Increase
  3. ● Overvaluation
  4. ● Overpricing
  5. ● Appreciation
  6. ● Incremental gain
  7. Extra Profit
  8. Extra ● Extra
  9. ● Plus
  10. Wealth ● Wealth
  11. ● Profit

ORIGIN OF Plusvalía

The word surplus value comes from the English term surplus value and refers specifically to the value that a property acquires greater than it possessed for reasons outside or external to it.

The word also has Latin roots as plus and valere, in this case, the reference is still material, it is the value that a property has, in Latin plus is more and valere is strong, stronger, more gain, heavier in value.

The surplus value is a term used in management to describe the added value that is given to a worker, this value is accompanied by the salary, it is usually a kind of prize or value that is given to the worker as a reward for the fulfillment of their work.


The precursors who initiated this ideology of giving value to work, of having surplus value were Adam Smith and after him, Karl Marx, who in one of his texts makes reference to the fact that surplus value should be considered as the effort and time invested by the worker in his duties, therefore, this reward should not be earned with the duties themselves, on the contrary, it should be taken into account and studied.