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Definition of Indulto

The word “indulto”, pardon in English, is a legal figure used to extinguish the criminal responsibility that in simple words is the pardon of a penalty, there are different types of pardon such as amnesty, the latter is the pardon of the crime, while the pardon is only exempted from compliance with the penalty, that is, the person is exempt from complying with the legal consequence of having been convicted of an unlawful act.


There are two types of pardons, there is the total pardon and the partial pardon, next, we will define what they mean in order to establish the clear differences between one or the other:

● Total pardon: In this refers to the pardon of the total of all the penalties conferred against a single person, but it is a necessary requirement that they have not yet been served.

Partial pardon: By means of this legal figure, some of the penalties imposed on the defendant are pardoned, but not all of them, or if he/she has only one sentence, it can be reduced by one that is less serious.


The main difference between these two legal figures is that for a pardon to operate, the defendant must be serving his sentence, and is exempted from serving his sentence, while the amnesty does not require that the person is still serving the sentence, the person may be at liberty and already having completed or served the sentence, and still can obtain this legal figure because it grants pardon on the crime committed, so that rehabilitates him.


One of the first pardons that are known and is by itself one of the most famous is the one that refers to Jesus Christ and Barabbas, where they put the people to choose who should be pardoned, in the end who received the pardon was Barabbas as we all know.