Definition of CNDH
“Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos”(CNDH), is one entity government Mexican who is responsible to manage , promote and safeguard the rights human in Mexico. One of its main functions is to ensure the rights of those who question government or state efforts.
It was constituted as an official institution in 1847 with the name of Procuraduría de Pobres .
It is protected under article 102 B of the Mexican Constitution in which it is established as an independent federal institution, with autonomous action both in its management and in its budget.
It has renowned international accreditations such as the United Nations, which has granted it A status in the area of Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.
History of the CNDH
In its beginnings, it was constituted as an ombudsman’s office, in charge of ensuring the labor, social and economic rights of the poorest. His influence is one of the greatest for subsequent ombudsmen.
After the Scandinavian model, it is the most influential for the enforcement and protection of citizens’ rights.
The Procurator for the Poor was born in the midst of great movements in favor of the defense of the most defenseless. The Attorney Federal of the Consumer , the Attorney Social of the Mountain of the State of Guerrero and the Ombudsman for the Rights of the Residents of the State of Querétaro are also contemporary institutions with inclusive and seeking greater opportunities and rights for all citizens ..
Functions of the CNDH
Given that the National Human Rights Commission is the main Mexican institution in charge of the protection of human rights, it has the powers assigned to it by the Constitution to fulfill its duties.
- Manage, investigate and report alleged violations against Human Rights.
Provide recommendations to public and governmental institutions on the care and preservation of Human Rights.
- Promote awareness, research and care for Human Rights at all levels of society, including educational, governmental and state institutions.
- Promote legislative changes that advance in the greater preservation of the Human Rights of all citizens.
- The CNDH must ensure respect for and compliance with Human Rights in prisons. It must also accompany the process of socialization and reincorporation of people deprived of their liberty.
- He is responsible for monitoring regarding equal rights in men and women.
- Know, take care of and monitor the signing of international conventions on Human Rights.
- Article 105 of the Constitution gives it the power to promote and exercise institutional actions against federal laws and international treaties that violate Human Rights that are enshrined in the Mexican Constitution.
The commission is directed by an Advisory Council that is composed of 10 members. These members are elected by a positive vote of two thirds of the Senate.
All the years should be removed from the members most ancient of the Council , unless they are reappointed for a second term.
The functions of the participants of the Advisory Council of the Commission cannot be exercised at the same time with any public office, except those granted by the institutions of the Academy.