Skip to content


Definition of Adviento

Adviento is a time of Christian preparation for the coming of Christ at Christmas. It is the beginning of the liturgical year in Western Christianity.


  1. Appearance
  2. Coming
  3. Emergence
  4. Advent

ORIGIN OF Adviento

The name was adopted from the Latin adventus which means coming or arrival. In the New Testament, this is the term used for the Second Coming of Christ. Therefore, the season of Advent in the Christian calendar anticipates the coming of Christ from three different perspectives. These are the physical nativity in Bethlehem, the reception of Christ in the heart of the believer and the eschatological Second Coming.

The equivalent of Advent in Eastern Christianity is called the Nativity Fast, but it differs in duration and traditional ceremonies. Unlike the beginning of the ecclesiastical liturgical year in the West. The Eastern Fast of the Nativity does not use the equivalent of the parousia in its preparatory services.

In the Western rite of the Orthodox Church and in the Anglican, Lutheran, Moravian, Presbyterian and Methodist calendars, Advent begins on the fourth Sunday before Christmas, always between November 27 and December 3, and ends on Christmas Eve, December 24.

For its part, in the Roman Catholic Church ritual, Advent begins with the first vespers of the Sunday falling on November 30 or the Sunday closest to that date, and ends before the first vespers of Christmas.


Practices associated with Advent include Advent calendars, laying an Advent wreath, praying a daily Advent devotional, putting up a Christmas tree. As well as other forms of Christmas decorations.