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Definition of Abulia

Abulia is a term used to describe a state of lack of motivation and apathy towards decision-making and task performance.

A person who suffers from abulia may feel disinterested and unable to make important decisions, even if they have the ability to do so.


Abulia is also known as “apathy” or “psychomotor inhibition”. These terms refer to a person’s difficulty in initiating or completing a task due to a lack of motivation or the inability to make decisions.


The term abulia comes from the Greek “a”, which means “without”, and “boule”, which means “will”. Abulia was first recognized as a medical disorder in the 19th century when the French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot began studying patients who seemed unable to make decisions.

Since then, it has been considered a manifestation of various psychological and neurological conditions, including depression, schizophrenia, and traumatic brain injuries.


Abulia can be a symptom of many psychological and neurological conditions, but it can also be a normal response to stressful or traumatic situations. For example, after an emotionally traumatic experience, such as the death of a loved one, a person may experience a temporary sense of abulia. However, if this feeling persists over a prolonged period, it may be indicative of an underlying disorder.

Abulia can also be observed in people who suffer from addictions, such as alcoholism and drug addiction. These individuals may have difficulty making decisions and completing tasks due to their chemical dependence.

Additionally, it has been found that abulia affects different age groups differently. In children, abulia may be a sign of autism spectrum disorders or learning disorders, while in older adults, it may be a symptom of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease.

Abulia is believed to be related to certain chemical imbalances in the brain, such as a lack of dopamine and serotonin, two neurotransmitters that are responsible for regulating mood and motivation.